1.1 In these By-laws, unless the context otherwise requires,
(a) “Authorized Representative” has the meaning ascribed thereto in paragraph 3.1;
(b) “Board” means the board of directors of the Society;
(c) “Class Meeting” has the meaning ascribed thereto in paragraph 3.2;
(d) “Member Delegate” has the meaning ascribed thereto in paragraph 5.1;
(e) “Directors” means the directors of the Society for the time being as appointed pursuant to these By-laws;
(f) “Independent School” has the same meaning as in the Independent School Act, S.B.C. 1989, c.51 from time to time in force and all amendments to it;
(g) “Member” means a member of the Society as determined in accordance with Part 2 of these By-laws;
(h) “Officers” means the officers of the Society for the time being as elected or appointed pursuant to these By-laws;
(i) “President” means the person who, for the time being, is elected or appointed as the president of the Society pursuant to these By-laws;
(j) “Registered Address” of a Member means its address as recorded in the register of members;
(k) “Resolution,” (i) with respect to a Class Meeting, means a resolution passed by a majority of not less than 75% of the votes of the Authorized Representatives of the Members of that class, who, being entitled to do so, vote either in person, by mail, facsimile or electronic mail of which there is a printed record; (ii) with respect to a general meeting, means a resolution passed by a majority of not less than 75% of the votes of those Member Delegates of the Society who, being entitled to do so, vote in person; and (iii) with respect to a meeting of the Directors, means a resolution passed by a majority of not less than 75% of the votes of those Directors of the Society who, being entitled to do so, vote in person;
(l) “Secretary” means the person who, for the time being, is elected or appointed as the secretary of the Society pursuant to these By-laws;
(m) “Society” means the Federation of Independent School Associations in British Columbia;
(n) “Society Act” means the Society Act, R.S.B.C. 1979, c.390 from time to time in force and all amendments to it;
(o) “Term” means the time between the Board meeting immediately following the annual general
meeting of the Society and the Board meeting immediately following the next annual general meeting of the Society;
(p) “Treasurer” means the person who, for the time being, is elected or appointed as the treasurer
of the Society pursuant to these by-laws; and
(q) “Vice-President” means the person who, for the time being, is elected or appointed as the vice-president of the Society pursuant to these by-laws.
1.2 The definitions in the Society Act on the date these By-laws become effective apply to these Bylaws except where they are inconsistent with these By-laws.
1.3 Words importing the singular include the plural and vice versa; and words importing a female person include a male person and a corporation.
2.1 The Members shall be:
(a) each incorporated entity which is an original applicant for incorporation of the Society; and
(b) any other incorporated entity which subsequently becomes a Member in
accordance with these By-laws;
in either case, which has not ceased to be a Member.
2.2 To be eligible for membership applicants must:
(a) be located within the Province of British Columbia;
(b) be an incorporated entity or be designated as an authority under the Independent School Act;
(c) express agreement with the constitution of the Society;
(d) pay the annual membership fees as determined by the Directors from time to time pursuant to paragraph 2.11;
(e) maintain responsible educational programs and standards;
(f) maintain or have its member schools maintain a certificate of group classification pursuant to the Independent School Act of the Province of British Columbia from time to time in force and all amendments to it; and
(g) agree to a two year probationary period during which time the Directors can terminate the membership of the applicant for any reason whatsoever.
2.3 There shall be at least five classes of membership in the Society:
(a) the Catholic Independent Schools (“CIS”) class;
(b) the Independent Schools Association of BC (“ISABC”) class;
(c) the Society of Christian Schools of BC (“SCSBC”) class;
(d) the Associate Member Group (“AMG”) class; and
(e) the Association of Christian Schools International in British Columbia (“ACSIBC”) class.
2.4 An incorporated entity that offers education from a Catholic perspective and has been approved by the ordinary of the diocese under his authority by canon law is eligible to apply for membership in the CIS class.
2.5 An incorporated entity that offers education to university entry level with an emphasis on preparation for university studies, that has been incorporated for at least four years is eligible to apply for membership in the ISABC class.
2.6 Membership in the SCSBC class is restricted to the Society of Christian Schools in British Columbia, or any incorporated successor entity thereof (the “SCSBC”). An individual school wishing to be represented by the Society through the SCSBC class must apply for membership in and become a member of the SCSBC.
2.7 An incorporated entity that meets membership criteria of the Association of Christian Schools International and the Association of Christian Schools International in British Columbia is eligible to apply for membership in the ACSIBC class.
2.8 An incorporated entity that meets the requirements of paragraph 2.2 but is not a member of the SCSBC or is otherwise not a member of or eligible to apply to either the CIS, ISABC, or ACSIBC class is eligible to apply for membership in the AMG class.
2.9 An incorporated entity may apply for admission as Member to a class of membership within the Society. Members of the class to which the applicant applies shall hold a Class Meeting in accordance with Part 3 of these By-laws to vote with respect to whether or not to recommend to the Directors the admission of the applicant as a Member of that class. A recommendation for admission of an applicant shall be by a Resolution of the Members of that class as defined in these By-laws.
2.10 Once an applicant has been approved by Resolution for recommendation to the Directors in accordance with paragraph 2.9, the Member Delegate of the particular class to which the applicant applied shall advise the Board of the recommendation. The Board shall then admit the applicant to that particular class of membership provided that the Board is otherwise satisfied as to the eligibility of the applicant for membership in the Society.
2.11 Subject to paragraph 15.3, all Members of the Society shall uphold the Constitution and abide by the By-laws, policies and procedures of the Society and all decisions made in accordance with these Bylaws by the Officers and Directors of the Society.
2.12 Each Member shall pay, by September 30 of each year, the annual membership fee. The annual membership fee owed by each Member is the annual student fee, as determined by the Board from time to time, multiplied by the total number of students enrolled in all schools operated or overseen by the Member.
2.13 A Member remains a Member in good standing until it fails to pay the required annual membership fee to the Society within six months of the September 30 due date or when the Member no longer meets the eligibility requirements established by these By-laws. A Member is not in good standing as long as the debt remains unpaid beyond six months from the September 30 due date.
2.14 A Member shall cease to be a Member of the Society:
(a) by mailing or delivering its resignation in writing to the address of the Society or by delivering its resignation in writing to the Secretary of the Society;
(b) on its dissolution or winding up;
(c) on having been a Member not in good standing for a period of time prescribed by the Board;
(d) on being terminated by the Board; or
(e) on being expelled.
2.15 A Member may be expelled by the Directors for conduct which is determined by the Directors, in their absolute discretion, to be improper, unbecoming, or likely to endanger the interest or reputation of the Society, or for conduct which violates the Constitution or By-laws of the Society.
2.16 At least thirty (30) days before the proposed expulsion of a Member is put to a vote, the Directors shall send by registered mail to the Member a notice of the proposed expulsion which shall be accompanied by a brief statement of the reason or reasons for the proposed expulsion and shall give the Member an opportunity to be heard by the Directors.
2.17 A Member who resigns from the Society shall be liable for all membership fees, calculated on a
pro rata basis up to the date of receipt of such notice of resignation by the Society, and for any other fee, due, levy, subscription or debt due to the Society.
2.18 The Board may, in its discretion, propose new classes of membership in the Society, but only if the proposed class represents 10% or more of a total student enrollment consisting of the enrollment of all current Members plus enrollment of the members of the proposed new class.
2.19 The Board may, in its discretion, propose a new class of membership by dividing an existing class of membership, provided that each part after the division must contain at least 10% or more of the total student enrollment of all the Members of the Society.
2.20 These By-laws may be amended to reflect the addition of new classes of membership by the passing of a Resolution at any general meeting of the Society, provided sixty (60) days notice of the proposed amendment has been given to all Members.
3.1 Each Member shall, by written instrument delivered to the Society, appoint an individual as its representative at Class Meetings for a specific or unlimited term, and in the same manner, may terminate such appointment. The individual from time to time so appointed is that Member’s Authorized Representative.
3.2 Meetings of each individual class of membership of the Society are Class Meetings. Class Meetings may be held at any time to conduct business as required under these By-laws.
3.3 A Class Meeting shall be held for each membership class prior to each annual general meeting of the Society in each calendar year and prior to every other general meeting. Written notice of a Class Meeting shall be mailed to each Authorized Representative at least fourteen (14) days before the meeting and shall specify the place, the day and the hour of the meeting, and an outline of the general nature of the business to be transacted.
3.4 No accidental omission to send notice of a Class Meeting or the non-receipt of a notice by any
Authorized Representative entitled to receive notice shall preclude the meeting from being held or shall invalidate any action taken or decision made at the meeting.
3.5 Unless otherwise specified by these By-laws, the quorum for the transaction of business at any Class Meeting shall be met by those Authorized Representatives actually present at any Class Meeting assuming proper notice has been given in accordance with paragraph 3.3.
3.6 An Authorized Representative is entitled to one (1) vote which may be cast either in person by show of hands, by mail, facsimile or electronic mail of which there is a printed record. Voting by proxy is not permitted.
3.7 All decisions at any Class Meeting shall be decided by Resolution as defined in subparagraph
1.1(k) herein. Such a Resolution when in writing and consented to by the prescribed percentage of Authorized Representatives within such membership class shall constitute a valid and effective Resolution of that class, regularly passed at a duly convened Class Meeting of the Society.
3.8 An Authorized Representative of a Member is entitled to speak, vote and in all other respects exercise the right of the Member and that representative shall be recognized as a Member for all purposes with respect to a Class Meeting of the Society.
4.1 An annual general meeting of the Society shall be held in the month of November in each calendar year or in some other month as the Directors may decide, provided that the first annual general meeting of the Society shall be no more than 15 months after the date of incorporation and thereafter, an annual general meeting shall be held at least once every calendar year and not more that 15 months after the adjournment of the last preceding annual general meeting.
4.2 Every general meeting, other than an annual general meeting, is an extraordinary general meeting and shall be held at such time and place as the Board may decide.
4.3 Written notice of a general meeting shall be mailed to all Members at least thirty (30) days before the meeting and shall specify the place, the day and the hour of meeting, and an outline of the general nature of the business to be transacted.
4.4 No accidental omission to send notice of a general meeting or the non-receipt of a notice by any Member entitled to receive notice shall preclude the meeting from being held or shall invalidate any action taken or decision made at the meeting.
4.5 All Members in good standing shall have the right to receive notice of and attend all general meetings of the Society. Only the Member Delegates, however, as defined in paragraph 5.1, may vote at general meetings.
5.1 Each membership class shall, by written instrument delivered to the Society, appoint an individual as its representative for a specific or unlimited term, and in the same manner, may terminate such appointment. The individual from time to time so appointed is the Member Delegate of that membership class.
5.2 Prior to each general meeting, and in accordance with Part 3 of these By-laws, every Resolution to be decided at a general meeting shall first be voted on by the Authorized Representative of each Member at the respective Class Meetings. The result of the membership class prior to the general meeting and that Member Delegate shall cast his vote at the general meeting to confirm to the Resolution of the Authorized Representatives of his respective membership class.
5.3 Unless otherwise specified by these By-laws, the quorum for the transaction of business at any general meeting of Members shall be the presence, in person, of a single Member Delegate from each membership class, but never fewer than 3 members.
5.4 If within thirty (30) minutes from the time appointed for a general meeting a quorum is not present, the meeting, if convened on the requisition of Members, shall be terminated; but in any other case, it shall stand adjourned to the same day in the next week, at the same time and place, and if, at the adjourned meeting, a quorum as defined in paragraph 5.3 is not present within thirty (30) minutes from the time appointed for the meeting, Member Delegates present constitute a quorum.
5.5 No business, other than the election of a chairman and the adjournment or termination of the meeting, shall be conducted at a general meeting at a time when a quorum is not present.
5.6 If at any time during a general meeting there ceases to be a quorum present, business then in progress shall be suspended until there is a quorum present or until the meeting is adjourned or terminated.
5.7 It is not necessary to give notice of a general meeting adjourned pursuant to paragraph 5.4.
5.8 A resolution proposed at a general meeting must be moved and seconded.
5.9 All decisions made at any general meeting shall be decided by Resolution as defined by subparagraph 1.1 (k) herein. Such a Resolution, when in writing, consented to and signed by the prescribed percentage of Member Delegates, shall, when placed with the minutes of a general meeting constitute a valid and effective Resolution, regularly passed at a duly convened general meeting of the Society.
5.10 A member Delegate present at a general meeting is entitled to one vote. Voting is by show of hands. Voting by proxy is not permitted.
5.11 A Member Delegate is entitled to speak, vote and in all other respects exercise the rights of a Member, and that Member Delegate shall be recognized as a Member for all purposes with respect to a general meeting of the Society.
5.12 A general meeting may be adjourned from time to time and from place to place, but no business shall be transacted at an adjourned meeting other than the business left unfinished at the meeting from which the adjournment took place.
5.13 The Secretary shall be responsible for the preparation of the minutes of the general meetings and for keeping such minutes in a secure place. In the absence of the Secretary from a general meeting, the chairman of the meeting shall appoint another Officer to be responsible for the preparation of the minutes of that general meeting.
6.1 The Directors shall manage the affairs of the Society and may exercise all such powers and do all such acts and things as the Society may exercise and do, and which are not by these Bylaws or by statute or otherwise lawfully directed or required to be exercised or done by the Society in general meetings but subject, nevertheless, to the provisions of:
(a) all laws affecting the Society;
(b) these By-laws; and
(c) rules, not being inconsistent with these By-laws, which are made from time to time by the Society in general meetings.
6.2 There shall be no less than four (4) Directors of the Society.
6.3 Subject to paragraph 6.4, the election of Directors by each class of Members at an annual general meeting may be by acclamation and otherwise it shall be by ballot. If no successor is elected or appointed by the Member Delegates at an annual general meeting, the person or persons previously elected or appointed by them continues to hold office and shall be deemed to have been appointed by them at that general meeting.
6.4 Each class of membership is entitled to appoint up to three (3) Directors to the Board. The AMG class may, because of its diverse nature, elect or appoint an additional three (3) Directors to the Board provided that these additional Directors shall have the right to attend meetings of the Board of Directors but shall not have the right to vote at any meetings or other proceeding of the Directors.
6.5 (a) Commencing with the first annual general meeting of the Society, a Member Delegate may nominate, in accordance with the results of his respective Class Meeting, one or more Authorized Representatives or nominees from within its respective membership class to serve as Director by submitting that nomination to the Secretary at the address of the Society, at least forty-five (45) days prior to the date for the holding of the annual general meeting. A nominee's written consent to act as Director if elected, must accompany the nomination.
(b) A ballot listing all of the nominees in each particular class of membership shall be sent to all Members in good standing in the respective class at least thirty (30) days prior to the date of the annual general meeting. A Class Meeting of each membership class shall be held in accordance with Part 3 of these By-laws at which the ballots shall be collected, scrutinized and tallied. Each Authorized Representative is entitled to one (1) vote at the Class Meeting which may be cast either in person, by mail, facsimile or electronic mail of which there is a printed record and shall select one or more Directors from the nominees on the ballot pertaining to its respective class. Those nominees with the most votes will be deemed to have been elected to fill the number of Directorships allowed for each class of membership as provided in paragraph 6.4.
(c) The results of the Class Meeting shall be confirmed by the Member Delegate at the annual general meeting.
6.6 A Director shall continue to hold office until such person:
(a) has his appointment withdrawn or terminated by the Members of the class which appointed him, at a Class Meeting pursuant to Part 3 of these By-laws, and written notice of the withdrawal or termination has been received by the Society;
(b) resigns by sending a notice in writing to the Society;
(c) is no longer capable of managing his own affairs by reason of mental or physical infirmity; or
(d) is expelled by the membership.
6.7 The Member Delegates of the Society may remove a Director, but no Director shall be removed until all of the Authorized Representatives of the Members in the class of membership which elected the Director have been given notice of the proposed action and an opportunity to be heard at a general meeting before the proposed removal is put to vote.
6.8 If a Director resigns his office or otherwise ceases to hold office, the remaining Directors shall appoint an Authorized Representative or nominee from within the membership class entitled to appoint the replacement to take the place of the former director if a replacement is not appointed in accordance with paragraph 6.5 within sixty (60) days after written demand until such vacancy has been delivered by the Board to the membership class entitled to appoint the replacement. A Director so appointed holds office only until the conclusion of the term as a Director of the person he replaces, but he is eligible for reelection or reappointment.
6.9 No Director shall be remunerated for being or acting as a Director but a Director may be reimbursed for all expenses necessarily and reasonably incurred by him while engaged in the affairs of the Society, and the Society may purchase and maintain insurance for the benefit of a Director against personal liability incurred by him as a Director, at the discretion of the Directors.
6.10 No rule made or resolution passed by the Society in a general meeting invalidates a prior act of the Board that would have been valid if that rule or resolution had not been made or passed.
6.11 Subject to the provisions of the Society Act, the Society shall indemnify each Director and former Director of the Society and their respective heirs and personal representatives against all costs, charges, expenses, losses and damages, including any amounts paid to settle an action or satisfy judgment, actually and reasonably incurred by reason of his being or having been a Director of the Society, including any action brought by the Society, except such costs, charges, expenses, losses or damages as may be incurred as a result of his own fraud, willful neglect, default or breach of these By-laws. Each Director of the Society, on being elected shall be deemed to have contracted with the Society on the terms of the foregoing indemnity.
7.1 The Directors may meet together at such places, adjourn and otherwise regulate their proceedings, as they see fit.
7.2 The Directors may from time to time fix the quorum necessary for the transaction of business and unless so fixed the quorum shall be a majority of the voting Directors then in office.
7.3 The President shall be chairman of all meetings of the Directors, but if at any meeting the President is not present within 30 minutes after the time appointed for holding the meeting, the Vice-President shall act as chairman, but if neither is present the Directors present may choose one of their number to be chairman at that meeting.
7.4 A voting Director may at any time request in writing that the President call a Board meeting and the Secretary, within twenty-one (21) days of such request, shall convene a meeting of the Directors.
7.5 A Resolution in writing, consented to and signed by the Directors as required by subparagraph 1.1 (k) shall, when placed with the minutes of the Board meeting, constitute a valid and effective resolution regularly passed at a duly convened Board meeting of the Society.
7.6 Subject to paragraph 6.4, a voting Director in good standing who is present at a meeting of the Board Is entitled to vote. Voting by proxy is not permitted.
7.7 The Secretary shall be responsible for the preparation of the minutes of the Board meetings and for keeping such minutes in a secure place. In the absence of the Secretary from a meeting, the chairman of the meeting shall appoint another Officer to be responsible for the preparation of the minutes of that meeting.
7.8 The Board may delegate any, but not all, of their powers to committees consisting of such Director, Directors, or others as they see fit. A committee so formed shall conform, in the exercise of any delegated powers, to any rules imposed on it by the Directors, and shall report every act or thing done in exercise of those powers to the next earliest meeting of the Board. Each committee shall maintain minutes of its meetings, may carry on its work by unanimous written resolutions without the necessity of convening a meeting, and shall provide the Secretary in a timely way with a copy of all such minutes and resolutions.
7.9 The interim Directors of the Society shall be the persons listed in Form 4, Schedule A. They shall hold office from the time of incorporation of the Society until the end of its first annual general meeting. The interim Directors are thereafter eligible for appointment or election as Directors as long as they meet the eligibility requirements.
7.10 For a first meeting of Directors held immediately following the appointment of a Director or Directors at an annual general meeting of Members, it is not necessary to give notice of the meeting to the newly appointed Director or Directors for the meeting to be constituted, if a quorum of the Directors is present.
7.11 Immediately following each annual general meeting, the Directors shall convene a meeting of the
Board and elect from among the Board such Officers of the Society as the Board determines, but at least a President, Vice-President, Secretary and Treasurer. Each Officer elected shall be from a different membership class, except if a membership class is not able or willing to have an Officer, there may be more than one Officer from a membership class. If the Society has more than four (4) membership classes, ex-officio officers may be elected.
7.12 (a) An Officer shall be elected for one Term and shall retire at the expiration of that Term when his successor is elected or he ceases to be a Member of the Board, whichever first occurs.
(b) The Board may by Resolution as defined herein remove an Officer before the completion of the Term. No Officer may be removed until notice of the charge or complaint has been delivered to his registered address and he has had an opportunity to be heard by the Board.
(c) If a President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer or ex-officio Officer is removed by the Board, the Board shall forthwith fill the vacancy created by the removal by election from among the Directors in accordance with Paragraph 7.13.
7.13 A vacancy in any office may be filled by the Board by the appointment of a successor to hold office for the unexpired term of the Officer whose place is vacant and until a qualified successor is chosen.
8.1 The President shall preside at all meetings of the Society and the Directors. The President shall supervise the other Officers in the execution of their duties and shall perform such other duties as usually pertain to this office.
8.2 The Vice-President shall in the absence or disability of the President, assume the duties of the President.
8.3 The Secretary is responsible for:
(a) conducting the correspondence of the Society;
(b) issuing notices of meetings of the Society and Directors;
(c) keeping minutes of all meetings of the Society and Directors;
(d) maintaining custody of all records and documents of the Society except those required to be kept by the treasurer;
(e) maintaining custody of the common seal of the Society; and
(f) maintaining the register of Members.
8.4 The Treasurer is responsible for:
(a) keeping such financial records, including books of account, as are necessary to comply with the Society Act; and
(b) rendering financial statements to the Directors, Members and others when required.
8.5 The Duties of the Treasurer and the Secretary may be delegated by the Directors to employees of the Society.
8.6 The Directors may appoint other officers, consultants, committees, agents, or persons as they think fit, and define the duties, responsibilities and authority of such persons.
9.1 The Directors may provide a common seal for the Society and they shall have power from time to
time to destroy it and substitute a new seal in place of the seal destroyed.
9.2 The common seal shall be affixed only when authorized by the Directors and then only in the presence of the persons prescribed in the resolution or if no persons are prescribed, in the presence of the President and any other Director, the Vice-President and any other Director, or the Secretary and any other Director.
10.1 In order to carry out the purposes of the Society the Directors may, on behalf of and in the name of the Society, raise or secure the payment or repayment of money in such manner as they decide and in particular, but without limiting the generality of the foregoing, by the issue of debenture provided that the issuance of such debentures is authorized by special resolution of the members which authorization may confer a general power on the Directors to issue debentures for a period not exceeding one year from the date such authorization is given, but each such transaction shall not exceed 5% of the annual budget of the Society unless approved by the Members.
10.2 All cash of the Society or cash from administered funds shall be temporarily placed in an account of a bank approved by the Directors and invested in short, intermediate, or long-term investments guaranteed by the government of Canada, the provinces of Canada, or insured by the Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation.
11.1 This part applies only where the Society is required or has resolved to have an auditor.
11.2 The Members shall appoint an auditor annually at the annual general meeting and shall fill any vacancy in the office of the auditor.
11.3 An auditor may be removed at any time before the expiration of her term in office by the Members at a general meeting called for the purpose and the Members at that meeting shall appoint another auditor in her place for the remainder of her term.
11.4 An auditor shall be informed by the Secretary forthwith in writing of appointment or removal.
11.5 The auditor may attend and speak at general meetings and is entitled to receive every notice and other communication relating to a meeting that a Member is entitled to receive in like manner as a Member.
12.1 Documents of the Society shall be kept at the registered office unless the Directors resolve otherwise.
12.2 A Director and the auditor may inspect documents of the Society during normal business hours.
12.3 A representative of a Member may inspect any documents of the Society during normal business hours at the place where the records of the Society are kept if he has served the Society with two (2) clear days notice of his intention to inspect, in writing, stating the documents to be inspected, but the Directors may determine that no Member may inspect minutes of a meeting of the Directors or a committee appointed by the Directors.
12.4 Upon request, representatives of a Member and Directors shall be given copies of any documents
open to their inspection upon payment of reasonable copying costs as determined by the Directors from time to time.
13.1 A notice may be given to a Member, an Authorized Representative or Member Delegate by mail to its registered address.
13.2 Notice may be given to the Directors or to the Society by mail to the registered address of the Society.
13.3 A notice sent by mail shall be deemed to have been given on the day on which the notice is posted, and in proving that notice has been given it is sufficient to prove that the notice was properly addressed and put in a Canadian post office receptacle.
13.4 Notice of a general meeting shall be given to:
(a) every Member shown on the register of Members on the day notice is given;
(b) every Member Delegate whose appointment is current as of the day notice given; and
(c) the auditor, if part 10 applies.
14.1 Upon request a Member is entitled to a copy of the Constitution and By-laws of the Society free of charge.
14.2 The By-laws shall not be altered or added to except by a Resolution of the Members provided that all Members have been given at least sixty (60) days notice of the proposed amendment.
15.1 Membership in the Society does not in itself imply the endorsement by the Society or any other Member of the philosophies of any particular Member.
15.2 The Society is not obliged to support a Member in pursuit of its specific objectives and policies, even though in general terms such objectives and policies may be within the scope of the Society’s interest. The onus is on the Member to win the support of the Society in such instances.
15.3 A Member shall have the right to disassociate itself from specific policy decisions of the Society provided it submits such dissent in writing with stated reasons to the Directors.
16.1 The fiscal year of the Society shall end on August 31.